"In order to explain the durability of the Moraceae plant family, phytochemistry of Bagassa guianensis was performed...18 secondary metabolites were isolated, including...8 stilbenoids...Previous studies suggest that stilbenoids are responsible for the natural durability of wood." (Royer et al. 2010: 1708)
"Stilbenes are known as fungicides, termicides and bactericides (Hart and Shrimpton, 1979; Likhitwitayawuid and Sritularak, 2001; Jayasinghe et al., 2004) and may also exhibit antioxidant properties." (Royer et al. 2010: 1711) Learn more about this functional adaptation.
Royer M; Herbette G; Eparvier V; Beauchêne J; Thibaut B; Stien D. 2010. Secondary metabolites of Bagassa guianensis Aubl. wood: A study of the chemotaxonomy of the Moraceae family. Phytochemistry. 71: 1708–1713.
Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD) Stats Specimen Records: 2916 Specimens with Sequences: 3285 Specimens with Barcodes: 2105 Species: 532 Species With Barcodes: 514 Public Records: 991 Public Species: 235
Formerly included within the now defunct order Urticales, recent molecular studies have resulted in its placement within Rosales in a clade called the urticalean rosids that also includes Ulmaceae, Celtidaceae, Cannabaceae and Urticaceae. Cecropia, which has variously been placed in Moraceae, Urticaceae, or their own family, Cecropiaceae, is now included in Urticaceae.
Moraceae dioecy apparently evolved from monoecy as dioecy appears to be the primitive state in Moraceae. Monoecy evolved independently at least four times.
Datwyler, Shannon L. & Weiblen, George D. (2004): On the origin of the fig:Phylogenetic relationships of Moraceae from ndhF sequences. American Journal of Botany 91(5): 767-777. PDF fulltext
Judd, Walter S.; Campbell, Christopher S.; Kellogg, Elizabeth A.; Stevens, Peter F. & Donoghue, Michael J. (2008): Plant Systematics: A Phylogenetic Approach. Sinauer Associates, Inc. Sunderland, MA.
Sytsma, Kenneth J.; Morawetz, Jeffery; Pires, J. Chris; Nepokroeff, Molly; Conti, Elena; Zjhra, Michelle; Hall, Jocelyn C. & Chase, Mark W. (2002): Urticalean rosids: Circumscription, rosid ancestry, and phylogenetics based on rbcL, trnL-F, and ndhF sequences. American Journal of Botany 89(9): 1531-1546. PDF fulltext
Zerega, Nyree J. C.; Clement, Wendy L.; Datwyler, Shannon L. & Weiblen, George D. (2005): Biogroegraphy and divergence times in the mulberry family (Moraceae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 37(2): 402-416. doi|10.1016/j.ympev.2005.07.004 PDF fulltext